<![CDATA[TPU GMAT TUTORING SCORE GUARANTEE - TPU GMAT Blog]]>Fri, 13 Mar 2020 01:57:00 -0700Weebly<![CDATA[Coronavirus and GMAT Overlapping Sets Problems]]>Sat, 29 Feb 2020 19:41:35 GMThttps://www.testprepunlimited.com/tpu-gmat-blog/coronavirus-and-gmat-overlapping-sets-problemsGMAT and the REAL WORLD: CORONAVIRUS and GMAT Overlapping Sets Problems
Check out these overlapping sets I saw on Twitter:
In Daegu, 1900 Shincheonji Church members have been tested for coronavirus. -1300 had symptoms & 600 did not. -Among those 1300 with symptoms, 87.5% were confirmed with the virus. -BUT out of the 600 WITHOUT symptoms, 70% were confirmed with coronavirus.
We can think of this scenario as: Those WITH symptoms and those WITHOUT x Those who tested POSITIVE versus those who tested NEGATIVE
We can abbreviate as S/N and +/-
Then there are 4 possibilities: S+ (The people who have symptoms and test positive.) S- (The people who have symptoms and test negative. Maybe they just have a cold.) N+ (The people who don't have symptoms but test positive. Good thing they got tested or they might have unknowingly gone around infecting people!) N- (The people who don't have symptoms and test negative. These are the least likely to infect anyone.)
We can organize the information into a table as follows:
S N + - 1300 600 1900
Observe that you can add across rows or down columns. In other words if you know 2 items in a row or column, then you also know the third. We can substituting the rest of the information in, we have:
S N + 1138 420 1558 - 162 180 342 1300 600 1900
Once you have this, you know everything you need to answer any related GMAT question. They could have asked for the number who tested negative, for instance.
Hopefully this post boosted your immunity to the GMAT!]]><![CDATA[January 07th, 2020]]>Tue, 07 Jan 2020 13:44:26 GMThttps://www.testprepunlimited.com/tpu-gmat-blog/january-07th-2020A piece of work can be done by Rams and Sham in 12 days, by Sham and Hart in 15 days and by Hart and Rams in 20 days. Rams alone will complete the work in how many days?
A. 35 B. 32 C. 30 D. 28 E. 25
Solution: Set R, S, and H as the respective rates.
Then we have R + S = 1/12, S + H = 1/15, H + R = 1/20.
We want to solve for R, we can eliminate S first by subtracting the first two equations with each other:
R - H = 1/12 - 1/15 = (15 - 12) / (12*15) = 3 / (12*15) = 1/60.
We also have R + H = 1/20.
Add these two equations to get: 2R = 1/60 + 1/20 = 1/60 + 3/60 = 4/60 = 1/15.
R = 1/30, so it would take R 30 days to complete the task alone.
Ans: C ]]><![CDATA[GMAT PS Example with Solutions (Factors)]]>Sun, 29 Dec 2019 19:35:56 GMThttps://www.testprepunlimited.com/tpu-gmat-blog/gmat-ps-example-with-solutions-factorsHow many factors of 2^3 * 3^4 * 5^5 are even numbers?
A. 20 B. 30 C. 90 D. 100 E. 120
Solution: The easier question to answer is "how many factors of 2^3 * 3^4 * 5^5 are NOT even numbers." Those factors will only have prime factors of 3 or 5. To construct a factor that is odd, there are 5 possible powers of 3 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) and 6 possible powers of 5 to choose from (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5). Therefore there are 5 * 6 = 30 factors that are not even.
With the same theory, there are 4 * 5 * 6 = 120 factors in total. Subtracting the 30 odd factors, there are 90 even.
Ans: C ]]><![CDATA[GMAT PS Example with Solution]]>Fri, 27 Dec 2019 03:08:07 GMThttps://www.testprepunlimited.com/tpu-gmat-blog/gmat-ps-example-with-solution1483968Two friends separated by a certain distance start walking towards each other. When they meet one of them has walked 30 meters more than the other. If the ratio of the distances that each has covered is 2 : 3, find the distance that originally separated them.
A. 30 B. 60 C. 90 D. 120 E. 150 Solution: We may set their walking distances as 2x and 3x, then the difference is x which is also 30 meters since one has walked 20 meters more than the other. Then the walking distances are 60 and 90, originally they were separated by 60 + 90 = 150.
Ans: E ]]><![CDATA[GMAT PS Example with Solution]]>Sat, 21 Dec 2019 16:01:37 GMThttps://www.testprepunlimited.com/tpu-gmat-blog/gmat-ps-example-with-solutionA function f(x) is defined as f(x+y)=f(x)+f(y) for all real value of x and y, and f(1)=5. What is the value of f(3)?
A. 1 B. 5/3 C. 5 D. 10 E. 15
Solution:
We are only given f(1) = 5. We need to work our way to change the input to x = 3 instead of x = 1. Observe that if we plug in y = x the property becomes f(x + x) = f(x) + f(x), or f(2x) = 2f(x). We can do this again but with y = 2x to get f(x + 2x) = f(x) + f(2x) = f(x) + 2f(x), and we get f(3x) = 3f(x). Now we can plug in x = 1 into this to change the input to 3, f(3*1) = 3*f(1) =3 * 5 = 15.